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STD ATtiny13 Soldering Station SMD

License: CC-BY-SA 3.0

Mode: Editors' pick

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Update time: 2023-02-20 15:06:04
Creation time: 2020-02-27 18:02:13
# Overview TinySolder is a simple T12 Quick Heating Soldering Station based on the ATtiny13A featuring in less than 500 bytes of code: - Temperature measurement of the tip - Direct control of the heater - Temperature control via potentiometer - Handle movement detection (by checking ball switch) - Time driven sleep/power off mode if iron is unused (movement detection) ![IMG_20200404_182220.jpg](//image.easyeda.com/pullimage/R2Wd909aHIKF9wIwTOQ1eUUeJakUi3HpYrCEmsQ9.jpeg) - Project Video (YouTube): https://youtu.be/LOpmxG2Fvpo - Firmware (Github): https://github.com/wagiminator/ATtiny13-TinySolder # Hardware ## Heater Control To switch the heater on and off, it is controlled via an [AO4435](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/Alpha-Omega-Semicon-AOS-AO4435_C79714.pdf) p-channel MOSFET. The MOSFET is designed for voltages up to 30V and currents up to 10A. Its resistance is relatively low at 14 milliohms, which guarantees high efficiency and low heat generation on the MOSFET itself. There are many 4435 MOSFETs available from different manufacturers with slightly different specifications. It should be ensured that a 4435 with a gate-source voltage of +/-25V is selected. ## Temperature Measurement A thermocouple (temperature sensor) is located inside the T12 soldering tip. It creates a very small voltage depending on the temperature difference between the hot end and the cold junction. To measure this, the heater must be switched off since heater and thermocouple are connected in series. The low voltage is amplified by the OpAmp and measured by the ADC of the microcontroller. The gain factor of the OpAmp is controlled via the calibration potentiometer within fixed limits. The [LMV358](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/Texas-Instruments-TI-LMV358IDR_C63813.pdf) is a very cheap and versatile OpAmp, but not the ideal choice for this task because it has a fairly high input offset voltage and is quite noisy. For this kind of soldering station, however, it delivers completely sufficient values. Should a higher accuracy be required, an [OPA2330AIDR](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/1810181613_Texas-Instruments-OPA2330AIDR_C128746.pdf) or [OPA2333AIDR](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/1809200040_Texas-Instruments-OPA2333AIDR_C38732.pdf) can be used instead of the LMV358. Since these OpAmps have the same pinout, no further changes need to be made. ## Voltage Regulator Since the ATtiny13A and the OpAmp only consume very little power, a small voltage regulator of the type [78L05](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/1811151533_Guangdong-Hottech-78L05_C181132.pdf) is completely sufficient for obtaining the 5V supply voltage. Because of the low current it has to deliver, it hardly heats up despite the relatively high voltage gradient. ![pic2.jpg](https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wagiminator/ATtiny13-TinySolder/master/documentation/TinySolder_pic2.jpg) # Software ## Implementation In order to determine the temperature of the soldering tip, the heater must first be switched off. The output voltage of the OpAmp is then measured using the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and the temperature is determined from this using a two-step linear approximation. The setting of the temperature selection potentiometer is also determined via the ADC. If the temperature of the soldering tip is below the selected setpoint, the heater is then switched on again via the MOSFET, otherwise it remains off for the time being. A sleep timer runs all the time, which is reset by a pin change interrupt as soon as the tilt switch in the handle of the soldering iron changes its state. If the handle is not moved for about 5 minutes, the system switches to sleep mode, in which the temperature is reduced to about 125°C. If the handle is not moved for another 5 minutes, the heater will be switched off completely. As soon as the handle is moved, the operating mode is switched back to. The main loop of the code is shown below: ```c // Loop while(1) { // Read potentiometer setting and calculate setpoint accordingly poti = ADC_read(pinADC(POTI)); if (poti >9) + TEMP150; else setpoint = (uint32_t)(((poti - 512) * (TEMP450 - TEMP300))>>9) + TEMP300; // Set heater according to temperature reading and setpoint pinLow(HEATER); // shut off heater _delay_us(TIME2SETTLE); // wait for voltages to settle temp = ADC_read(pinADC(TEMP)); // read temperature smooth = ((smooth > 3; // low pass filter if (smooth setpoint) && (setpoint + 10 > smooth)) pinHigh(LED); // Some timing if (handleTimer++ > TIME2SLEEP/CYCLETIME*1000) sleep(); // sleep mode if handle unused _delay_ms(CYCLETIME - 8); // wait for next cycle } ``` ## Compiling and Uploading ### If using the Arduino IDE - Make sure you have installed [MicroCore](https://github.com/MCUdude/MicroCore). - Go to **Tools -> Board -> MicroCore** and select **ATtiny13**. - Go to **Tools** and choose the following board options: - **Clock:** 1.2 MHz internal osc. - **BOD:** BOD 2.7V - **Timing:** Micros disabled - Connect your programmer to your PC and to the ICSP header on the TinySolder board. - Go to **Tools -> Programmer** and select your ISP programmer (e.g. [USBasp](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=usbasp)). - Go to **Tools -> Burn Bootloader** to burn the fuses. - Open TinySolder.ino and click **Upload**. ### If using the precompiled hex-file - Make sure you have installed [avrdude](https://learn.adafruit.com/usbtinyisp/avrdude). - Connect your programmer to your PC and to the ICSP header on the TinySolder board. - Open a terminal. - Navigate to the folder with the hex-file. - Execute the following command (if necessary replace "usbasp" with the programmer you use): ``` avrdude -c usbasp -p t13 -U lfuse:w:0x2a:m -U hfuse:w:0xfb:m -U flash:w:tinysolder.hex ``` ### If using the makefile (Linux/Mac) - Make sure you have installed [avr-gcc toolchain and avrdude](http://maxembedded.com/2015/06/setting-up-avr-gcc-toolchain-on-linux-and-mac-os-x/). - Connect your programmer to your PC and to the ICSP header on the TinySolder board. - Open the makefile and change the programmer if you are not using usbasp. - Open a terminal. - Navigate to the folder with the makefile and sketch. - Run "make install" to compile, burn the fuses and upload the firmware. # Building Instructions In addition to the components for the PCB you will need the following: - 3D-printed case - GX12 Aviator Plug (4- or 5-pin depending on your iron handle) - DC Power Jack (5.5 * 2.1 mm) - Rocker Switch (KCD1 15 * 10 mm) - Some wires - 4 Self-tapping screws (2.3 * 5 mm) ![pic3.jpg](https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wagiminator/ATtiny13-TinySolder/master/documentation/TinySolder_pic3.jpg) Make sure that all parts fit nicely into the case. Solder the wires to the connectors and protect them with heat shrinks. Use thick wires (AWG18) for the power connections. Make all connections according to the schematic down below but keep in mind, that there's no standard pinout. Solder the wires directly to the corresponding pads on the pcb. To make the soldering station ESD-safe, connect the earth (E) terminal of the aviator plug to a female dupont connector and glue it into the corresponding opening on the case. Now you can connect the soldering station via a male dupont connector to an earth terminal. Upload the firmware and screw the pcb on top of the case. ![pic4.png](https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wagiminator/ATtiny13-TinySolder/master/documentation/TinySolder_pic4.png) The pinout shown works for the [Quecoo handles from aliexpress](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=quecoo+handle). Different handles may have different pinouts. If you are assembling your handle yourself, follow the scheme shown below. The video by [John Glavinos (electronics4all)](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcmiFfuZw38) shows how it's done. ![pic5.png](https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wagiminator/ATtiny13-TinySolder/master/documentation/TinySolder_pic5.png) # Operating Instructions ## Power Supply Specification Requirements Choose a power supply with an output voltage between 16V and 24V which can provide an output current according to the table below. The power supply must be well stabilized. The current and power is determined by the resistance (R = 8 Ohm) of the heater. |Voltage (U)|Current (I) = U / R|Power (P) = U² / R| |:-|:-|:-| |16 V|2.00 A|32 W| |17 V|2.13 A|36 W| |18 V|2.25 A|41 W| |19 V|2.38 A|45 W| |20 V|2.50 A|50 W| |21 V|2.63 A|55 W| |22 V|2.75 A|61 W| |23 V|2.88 A|66 W| |24 V|3.00 A|72 W| ## Calibrating For calibration you need a [soldering iron tips thermometer](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=digital+soldering+tip+thermometer). For best results wait at least three minutes after switching on the soldering station before you start the calibration. Calibrate at your prefered temperature using the trimpot. ## Indicator LEDs |LED|Color|Status| |:-|:-|:-| |POWER|blue|lights up when the station is receiving power| |HEAT|red|tip temperature has not reached setpoint yet| |WORKY|green|tip temperature is at setpoint - iron is worky| |HEAT + WORKY|red + green|blinking: iron is in sleep mode; steady: iron is in off mode; move handle to wake up| # References, Links and Notes 1. [ATtiny13A Datasheet](http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/doc8126.pdf) 2. [LMV358 Datasheet](https://datasheet.lcsc.com/szlcsc/Texas-Instruments-TI-LMV358IDR_C63813.pdf) 3. [T12 Handles on Aliexpress](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=T12+GX12-4pin+handle) 4. [T12 Soldering Tips on Aliexpress](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=T12+soldering+tips) 5. [GX12 Aviator Plugs on Aliexpress](https://aliexpress.com/wholesale?SearchText=GX12+4pin+aviator) 6. [T12 Soldering Station based on ATmega328P](https://github.com/wagiminator/ATmega-Soldering-Station) # License ![license.png](https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/3.0/88x31.png) This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
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ID Name Designator Footprint Quantity
1 LMV358IDR U3 SOP-8_150MIL 1
2 MMBT3904 Q2 SOT-23_1 1
3 5V1 D1 ZENER-SOD-123 1
4 10k R7,R6,R5,R1,R14,R8 0603 6
5 1k R13,R11,R4,R12,R9 0603 5
6 100k R3 0603 1
7 WORKY LED2 LED-0603 1
8 HEAT LED3 LED-0603 1
9 10K R10 RES-TH_RK09K1130A5R 1
10 78L05 U2 SOT-89-3_L4.5-W2.5-P1.50-LS4.2-BR 1
11 KF350-3.5mm P2,P1,P3 KF350-2P 3
12 ICSP-6 ICSP1 ICSP-6 1
13 AO4435 Q1 SOP-8_150MIL 1
14 POWER LED1 LED-0603 1
15 100n C5,C1,C4,C7 0603 4
16 2n2 C3 0603 1
17 47u C2 1206 1
18 1u C6 0603 1
19 100k R2 RM065 1
20 ATTINY13A-SSU U1 SOP-8_150MIL 1


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