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Std edition ATtiny85 TinyFMradio SMD
Profile：FM Radio with RDS, Audio Amplifier, Rotary Encoder and OLED Display
License: CC-BY-SA 3.0
TinyFMRadio is an ATtiny45/85 controlled FM radio with RDS (RDA5807) with an integrated audio amplifier (XPT8871 or TC8871), an OLED display (SSD1306) and a rotary encoder. You can directly connect a protected li-ion battery, a 3W / 4Ω speaker and an FM antenna.
The low-cost RDA5807MP is a single-chip broadcast FM stereo radio tuner with fully integrated synthesizer, IF selectivity, RDS/RBDS and MPX decoder. The tuner uses the CMOS process, support multi-interface and require the least external component. All these make it very suitable for portable devices.
The firmware is just a demo sketch that implements basic functionality. By pressing the rotary encoder button the RDA5807 seeks the next radio station. Turning the rotary encoder increases/decreases the volume. Selected frequency and volume are stored in the EEPROM. Station name, frequency, signal strength, volume and battery state of charge are shown on an OLED display.
The I²C protocol implementation is based on a crude bitbanging method. It was specifically designed for the limited resources of ATtiny10 and ATtiny13, but should work with some other AVRs as well. Due to the low clock frequency of the CPU, it does not require any delays for correct timing. In order to save resources, only the basic functionalities which are needed for this application are implemented. For a detailed information on the working principle of the I²C implementation visit TinyOLEDdemo.
The FM tuner IC RDA5807MP is controlled via I²C by the ATtiny. It has six writable 16-bit registers (addresses 0x02 - 0x07) and six readable 16-bit registers (addresses 0x0A - 0x0F). The RDA5807 has two methods of write access, a sequential one in which the registers are always written starting from address 0x02 and an indexed method in which the register address is transferred first and then the content. Both methods are determined by different I²C addresses. To transfer the 16-bit register content, the high byte is sent first. The RDA5807 is controlled by setting or clearing certain bits in the respective registers. The details of the meanings of the individual registers can be found in the data sheet. The current register contents are saved in the RDA_regs arrays. The RDA implementation is based on the work of Maarten Janssen.
The implementation for the rotary encoder uses pin change interrupts on only one of the pins and is written in such a way that bouncing is automatically suppressed.
avrdude -c usbasp -p t85 -U lfuse:w:0x62:m -U hfuse:w:0xd7:m -U efuse:w:0xff:m -U flash:w:tinyfmradio.hex
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
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