Profile：ATtiny-controlled and LiPo Battery-powered MP3-Player using the DFPlayerMini Module
Open source license: CC-BY-SA 3.0
TinyDFPlayer is an ATtiny controlled and LiPo battery powered MP3-Player using the DFPlayerMini module featuring:
You can directly connect a 3.7 V Li-Po battery and a 3 W / 4 Ohm speaker to the board.
The DFPLayer Mini module is a serial MP3 module that offers the perfect built-in MP3 hardware decoding. It supports TF cards with FAT16 and FAT32 file systems. Music playback as well as other functions can be controlled by simple serial commands without cumbersome software implementation. The main features of the module are easy to use, stable and reliable functions.
For battery charging the TP4056 is used. The TP4056 is a complete constant-current/constant-voltage linear charger for single cell lithium-ion batteries. The charge voltage is fixed at 4.2V and the charge current (max 1000mA) can be programmed externally with a single resistor (R6). The TP4056 automatically terminates the charge cycle when the charge current drops to 1/10th the programmed value after the final float voltage is reached. Other features include current monitor, under voltage lockout and automatic recharge. Charging is done via the built-in Micro USB connector.
For the battery protection (overcharge, overdischarge, overcurrent and short circuit protection) the DW01A is used in combination with an FS8205 dual MOSFET. The DW01A is constantly measuring the voltage across the battery and the current flowing in (when charging) or coming out (when discharging). If something goes wrong it takes the battery out of the circuit by closing the MOSFET which acts like a switch between the negative side of the battery (B-) and ground. The overcurrent protection works by comparing the voltage drop across the MOSFET with the internal 150mV reference of the DW01A. As the RDS(on) of one FS8205 is around 2x25mOhm, the DW01A will close the MOSFET at 150mV/50mOhm = 3A.
Error-free serial communication with the DFPlayer module requires precise timing. Usually the internal oscillator of the ATtiny85 used for this is sufficiently accurate (at least I haven't had any problems so far). However, the serial communication may not work due to an imprecise oscillator. It is therefore recommended to calibrate it manually. There are numerous instructions on how to do this on the Internet. Alternatively, the TinyICOC or the TinyCalibrator can be used for this.
Solder all of the components onto the circuit board. Connect a 3.7 V Li-Po battery and a 3 W / 4 Ohm speaker to the corresponding pin headers.
If you want to use the 3D-printed case, first install a 70 x 40 mm speaker in the lower part of the housing and screw it in with 2.3 x 5 mm self-tapping screws. Place an approx. 1 cm thick piece of foam behind the speaker, which fits tightly against the outer walls of the housing. This improves the sound quality significantly and separates the battery from the speaker. Then place the battery. Click the upper part of the housing on the lower part and screw on the TinyDFPlayer Board with 2.3 x 5 mm self-tapping screws. Glue four rubber feet to the underside of the player.
avrdude -c usbasp -p t85 -U lfuse:w:0xe2:m -U hfuse:w:0xd7:m -U efuse:w:0xff:m -U flash:w:tinyDFPlayer_v1.2.hex
Micro SD cards (TF cards) with a maximum of 32 GB are supported. The card should be formatted in the FAT32 file system. The firmware is written for the folder-play function of the DFPlayer. This means you have to create folders named 01, 02, 03, ... in the SD card root and inside the folders you have to name the audio files 001.mp3, 002.mp3, ... The maximum number of folders is 99 and the maximum number of files per folder is 255. Don't leave gaps in the folders or file numbers. After the three-digit number of the MP3 files, the title name can be added for better identification, e.g. "003_MySong.mp3". Note that the title names cannot be read out and transmitted by the MiniDFPlayer module, so unfortunately it is not possible to display the title names.
There must not be any unnecessary files on the SD card, such as those stored there by MacOS (e.g. Spotlight). Better take Linux or Windows to write to the SD card. Under MacOS you can try to clean up with the following command:
$ dot_clean /Volumes/SD-Card
Insert the SD card into the corresponding slot of the DFPlayer Mini module.
The device is switched on with the power switch. The two outer buttons are used to switch files and folders. The middle button is used to switch between pause and play. The wheel potentiometer is for choosing the volume. All necessary information is displayed on the OLED. To charge the battery, connect a 5V power supply via the micro USB port.
This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
|10||USB PWR Connector||USB||USB PWR CONNECTOR||1|
|11||Slide Switch||POWER||SLIDE SWITCH DPDT 1P2T JB||1|
|26||B103 3 pin||U6||B103 3 PIN||1|